What you need to know about jellyfish stings

What you need to know about jellyfish stings

Jellyfish can sometimes appear as small transparent spots in the sea, and sometimes as animals with tiny tentacles similar to octopuses. With these tentacles, the part that can be dangerous, jellyfish sting other sea creatures for food. Although a jellyfish bite or sting is generally not dangerous to humans, it can be painful. Although most jellyfish bites are painful, they are not an emergency, and redness, itching and tingling are normal, but some cases are indicative of an extreme allergic reaction and require immediate medical attention.

Although there are not many dangerous jellyfish species in Turkey, sometimes migratory jellyfish can be found in the seas or the person may have a severe allergic reaction, although they are not poisonous. Here are some situations where you should be on the alert for emergency response:

  • If you have difficulty in swallowing and breathing,

  • If your tongue or lip is swollen or you sound different.

  • If you have unbearable pain and feel bad,

  • If you feel nauseous or vomiting

  • If you are experiencing cramps,

  • If the bite size is more than half of your arm or leg,

  • If the bite is in your mouth or eyes

you should seek medical help immediately. If the symptoms are limited to the bite area and the person does not feel unwell, your intervention may be sufficient.

When the jellyfish stings,

  • Immediately remove the injured person from the sea,

  • Try not to move the injured area,

  • Pour vinegar on the area for about 1 minute,

  • With the help of tweezers, remove the tentacles remaining on the skin one by one,

  • Keep the injured limb in hot water of 40-45 degrees for 20 minutes. This degree can be set to a temperature where you will feel hot but not unbearable.

Absolutely do not do this

  • Do not pour seawater or alcohol-containing disinfectants on the injured area.

  • Do not rub the injured area as this will spread the irritation.

  • Do not bandage, do not cover the wound.

  • Do not apply ice or cold compresses.

  • Do not try to scrape the tentacles.


Larissa Hirsch, MD. “Jellyfish” Retrieved from https://kidshealth.org/en/kids/jellyfish.html

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