What is scabies?  What causes scabies?

What is scabies? What causes scabies?



Scabies, like many other diseases, can be transmitted naturally and heals when treated properly. What is dangerous is that the disease turns into an epidemic.

Scabies is a parasitic disease caused by a type of microscopic arthropod called Sarcoptes Scabiei. Scabies open tunnel-like formations and settle under the skin, lay eggs there and multiply rapidly. The weak immune system of the person prepares a suitable ground for the progression of the disease.

Scabies is primarily manifested by itching with mild blisters on the skin. The itching sensation often becomes more severe at night. Since the warm environment increases the activity of scabies mites, itching is observed to increase after a hot shower or bath. These blisters are not caused by the bite of the scabies mites, but by the allergic reaction of the skin to the creatures living under the skin and their waste. The itching sensation is more intense in the genital area, armpits, back of the legs and inside the elbows in the arm. As the itching continues, signs of infection and sores may also be observed on the skin due to the irritation of the itchy areas.

The most obvious signs of scabies are tunnels 1-10 mm in length, with streaking between the fingers.

Symptoms of scabies, which are usually seen below the neck in adults, can also be seen on the hands and face in babies.

Symptoms begin to appear approximately 3-6 weeks after scabies are infected. Someone who is asymptomatic may also have scabies and be contagious.

Although scabies cases are mostly seen in dormitories and places where people stay together; It can be seen in every individual in the society, regardless of their age, gender, and socio-economic level. Scabies is transmitted by contact, not air. Use of shared clothing, towels, or bedding, prolonged physical contact, and sexual intercourse increase the risk of scabies transmission.

Scabies treatment is determined specifically according to the age of the patient and the state of the immune system. The treatment recommended by a dermatologist should be applied by all individuals living in the same house. Generally, a cream to be applied to the whole body several times, antihistaminic and skin healing creams are recommended for itching and wounds. Washing and ironing all clothes and all furnishings used during the treatment at high temperatures is also an important part of the treatment, because scabies can survive outside the human body for a certain period of time.

According to the recommendations of the Turkish Dermatology Association, it is necessary to pay attention to these during the treatment of scabies:

  • Although different drugs can be used in the treatment, there are some rules that must be followed regardless of which drug is used.

  • When using local treatment agents, care should be taken to apply the drug to all body parts.

  • It is necessary to wash and iron the used clothes and sheets at 60 degrees.

  • It will be sufficient to store the items that cannot be washed in a tied bag for an average of three days.

  • It should not be forgotten that even after a successful treatment, the symptoms of the disease may continue for 2-6 weeks.

  • It is very important that people who share the same living environment are treated simultaneously.

Some natural methods can also be used to support the scabies treatment your doctor will recommend:

(Attention, these methods alone may not be sufficient to prevent scabies or to cure the disease. Be sure to consult a specialist for the correct treatment method.)

Tea tree oil: Due to its antibacterial properties, tea tree oil is known to be used in the treatment of scabies. You can apply 1-2 drops of tea tree oil in a fixed oil to your whole body from your neck after shower. Since tea tree oil is an aromatic essential oil, overuse it may cause allergic reactions, do not use it without first experimenting.

Vinegar and salt: Washing with salt water and rinsing with vinegar helps reduce the itching sensation in the body.

St. John’s Wort oil: Centaury oil can also be used in the treatment of scabies with its properties that both purify germs and heal the skin.


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