What changes occur in the body during pregnancy?

What changes occur in the body during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, your body goes through many changes. Some of them you already expect; stretch marks, swollen ankles, enlarged breasts. But some will surprise you. For example, the dark line that appears under the navel. Is this normal or not? Of course it’s normal. Experts say that the important thing is to understand and accept the changes in the body. If you bother about every little detail, you may have a difficult pregnancy due to the stress you are experiencing. If something is very confusing for you, consult your doctor. Even if it is a very small thing… We have compiled a small guide for the changes that will occur in your body. Let’s see which ones are normal and which ones are not?

Normal: From the first 3 months, it is very normal for the breasts to harden and enlarge due to the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The mammary glands begin to form at that time. From the 18th week, if everything is normal, your nipples may darken in color. This is perfectly normal.

Have it checked: If your breasts are red and red, or if you feel lumps, you should contact your doctor. Your milk has blocked this area and you may be suffering from mastitis. If your nipples are red and inflamed, be sure to mention this to your doctor.

Normal: It’s normal to have back pain. This is seen in three out of four pregnant women. It’s about changes in the body. Symptoms may continue before your belly swells and after delivery.

Have it checked: If the pain is severe and frequent then consult your doctor. You may need treatment.

Normal: It’s natural to feel like needles are pricking your hands. In your palms, especially towards the middle… This is felt more at night.

Have it checked: If this bothers you a lot, see your doctor. It’s probably nothing serious. One of the veins going to your hands is blocked due to your weight gain. It is usually treated with a wristband and goes away after birth.

Normal: You are likely to experience more headaches than usual, especially at the beginning of your pregnancy. Feeling unwell and signs of illness are often linked to low blood sugar. It also depends on hormones. As a result, this gives you a headache.

Have it checked: If the pain is severe and lasts for 2-3 days, if you have visual impairment or vomiting, if you have sudden swelling in your face, hands and feet, consult your doctor.

It is normal for your mouth to be very sensitive. With the increase in estrogen and progesterone ratios, swelling of the gums is observed. They can bleed easily while brushing.

Have it checked: If they hurt a lot, go to the doctor. This may indicate a dental problem that you are not aware of.

Normal: It is normal for your vaginal discharge to increase. Some women may even bleed. 1 in 10 mothers experience bleeding during the first 12 weeks. If bleeding continues after the 16th week, you should consult a doctor. Maybe this type of bleeding is happening because of the type of your vagina. Others bleed for no reason. It’s best to research.

Have it checked: If your discharge starts to smell foul-smelling and different colour, then you should go to the doctor. Because it could be an infection. This happens because the acidity of the vagina changes during pregnancy. It is easily treated after birth.

Normal: It is normal for you to be constipated during this period, hormonal changes affect your entire body as well as your digestive and excretory systems. This, of course, supports weight gain and accelerates blood pumping. Situations like these and staying in the toilet for a long time depending on these situations can also trigger the formation of hemorrhoids. Even if you have not had any hemorrhoid problems before, you may experience hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

Have it checked: If it hurts a lot and you have bleeding, you should go to the doctor. Keep your body hydrated by constantly drinking water and prevent constipation by eating a good diet.

Normal: It is normal to have dark spots on your skin. This is called hyperpigmentation. It is caused by high levels of estrogen, progesterone and melanocytes. These activate the MSH hormones, which causes more melatonin to be produced. Some areas are already darker. For example, nipples, genitalia, armpits and sometimes between the legs. These areas become darker. In some women, a black line appears under their belly button. This line, called the linea nigra, is very normal. You may also have stretch marks on your skin; on your breasts, abdomen and hips… These occur because your body suddenly starts to expand and the skin elasticity is not enough. Collagen becomes insufficient, thins and torn. The cracks, which are initially a reddish purple color, later turn pale and turn white. Skin rashes are not common during pregnancy. The most common are polymorphic rashes. It’s just a red, itchy rash and is easily treated with steroid creams. As your belly grows, your skin will become dry and itchy. This is perfectly normal. Moisturize your skin with a quality moisturizer.

Have it checked: If your palms and soles are very itchy, especially at night, you should see your doctor if you don’t have a rash. It can be a symptom of a very serious disease. Chemical substances are mixed with your blood instead of going to the gallbladder. You should get a blood test right away to find out if it’s a life-threatening condition.

Normal: It’s normal to have a strange feeling as if your pelvic bones are growing with your baby.

Have it checked: If you have so much pain that you cannot move, especially in late pregnancy, you should consult your doctor. This could be a symphysis pubis disorder. So in this case, the pelvis bone has shifted from where it should be, and as your uterus grows, it opens even more. Also, it cannot be cured during pregnancy. Usually a corset is given or it is recommended to use crutches.

Normal: It is perfectly normal to have swelling in the feet and ankles. This is common and goes away after birth. Your growing uterus puts pressure on the leg veins and swelling is observed.

Have it checked: If the swelling is very intense in the last 3 months, you should go to your doctor. It can be just tiredness, or it can be a symptom of other diseases. For example, preeclampsia… Talk to your doctor. He or she will direct you to the necessary tests.

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