What are the changes before menstruation?

What are the changes before menstruation?



Every menstruating woman experiences a cycle that lasts 28-30 days, which continues until menopause. The menstrual cycle is simply divided into 4 parts of one week:

1 week: The day when menstruation begins is considered the first day of the cycle. The first 7 days are also the first week of the cycle. In this week, while the progesterone hormone decreases in the body, the estrogen hormone begins to rise.

2 weeks: The second week after bleeding is when the uterus prepares for ovulation and new eggs are formed at the end of the week. If the eggs meet the sperm on the days of ovulation, pregnancy occurs. In this phase, the estrogen hormone continues to rise to support the changes in the uterus and ovaries. At the same time, the release of testosterone, known as the male hormone, increases slightly.

Three weeks: Estrogen secretion, which reaches its peak during the ovulation phase, begins to decrease as of the third week. As estrogen decreases, the released progesterone hormone begins to rise. This helps prepare the uterus for menstrual bleeding.

4th week: It is the phase in which the estrogen hormone decreases and the progesterone hormone begins to decrease. When this last phase, known as the premenstrual phase, is completed, a new cycle begins with menstrual bleeding.

Hormones that continue to rise and fall throughout the phases of the menstrual cycle cause some physical and psychological symptoms in our body. The dramatic decrease in hormones, especially in the last week, manifests itself with sudden symptoms. Factors such as the lack of certain vitamins and minerals in the body, stress and inactivity are defined by the negative effects of these symptoms called ‘premenstrual syndrome’.

The premenstrual phase, also known as the premenstrual phase, is a phase in which the body begins to shed excesses from the current cycle and prepares for a new menstrual cycle. At this time, which is associated with the phase when the moon begins to get smaller after the Full Moon in ancient cultures, similar effects begin to be observed in nature and on the female body.

Estrogen and progesterone, known as female hormones and enabling the menstrual cycle, rise and fall at certain times throughout the cycle, ensuring the continuation of reproductive functions. Sometimes, due to poor life conditions or genetic reasons, the natural and healthy cycle of these hormones can be disrupted. When these hormones are secreted more or less than necessary at the required time in the menstrual cycle, both physical and psychological effects can be seen. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS – Premenstrual Syndrome) can also occur due to such a hormonal imbalance. Negative effects such as uneasiness, pain, emotional changes seen in the week before the start of bleeding, that is, in the premenstrual phase, may occur due to such hormonal imbalances. However, sometimes, even though everything is fine with hormones, we may feel that we are overly affected by the natural hormonal fluctuations in these phases due to the current stress conditions.

Menstruation Specialist Gabrielle Lichterman states that we can benefit from the changes that occur in the premenstrual phase in 4 different ways:

The decrease in estrogen experienced in the premenstrual phase causes us to exhibit a more withdrawn mood. Gabrielle Lichterman says a good way to capitalize on this introversion is to turn to savings. During the rest of the month we tend to spend more with high estrogen levels, but in the last phase of the cycle, we become more sensitive to conserve resources. It is possible to determine the premenstrual phase as the ‘saving week’ and benefit from your psychological inclination.

Again, depending on the decrease in estrogen, your tolerance for situations and people that make you uneasy decreases a little more. If you see this intolerance as a ‘symptom’ rather than an observation opportunity to improve your life, you can do something to correct these uneasiness by using your rising energy in the second week of your next cycle when your estrogen hormone starts to rise. Note what’s bothering you in the premenstrual phase and raise your voice.

Our body sometimes says ‘take care of me!’ she begs… The reason for the uneasiness experienced in the premenstrual phase may sometimes be that you neglected to take care of your body. If you are experiencing symptoms such as headaches, back and lower back pain, cramps in this phase, you are receiving important signals that you need to stop and take care of yourself. When you think you’re starting to show signs of premenstrual syndrome, turn to doing things that are good for you and most of all for your body: Take time off and stay at home for a day, stop by somewhere that relaxes you, get a massage, take long baths… Whatever is good for you, follow it and be renewed as your new cycle begins.

The modern world does not give us many opportunities to listen to our feelings and get to know them. But when it’s time to slow down physically, we can also calm down emotionally and listen to ourselves, declaring the premenstrual phase a phase of ‘self-listening and self-compassion’ for ourselves. As estrogen begins to drop, we become more introverted and our emotions become more effective. At this stage, by observing and releasing our emotions, we can relax psychologically and even support ourselves for artistic production and creation processes!


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