The woman who welcomed Mustafa Kemal in Samsun: Sakine

The woman who welcomed Mustafa Kemal in Samsun: Sakine



Researcher-writer and history teacher Necat Çetin from Torbal learns about the existence of Sakine Hanım while chatting with a group of elders in Torbalı Park. Because the person he spoke to is Orhan Baturay, the son of Sakine Hanım. Çetin presented what he learned from this interview in a statement at the 2009 Samsun and National Struggle Symposium.

According to this; It turned out that Sakine Hanım was the only woman to greet Atatürk in Samsun. According to what Orhan Baturay, the son of Sakine Hanım, who still lives in Torbalı, told Necat Tekin in 2008, Sakine Hanım is a struggling, curious, hard-working woman. Apart from meeting Atatürk at the pier in Samsun, there is an interesting life story representing the women of the period.

He was born in 1896 in Erzurum İspir district Baksır-Kındız. His father, Hasan Reis, used to work in Samsun with the notables of Ömerzedes. He was carrying oil from Romania-Constanta to Samsun.

According to a symposium paper prepared by Necat Çetin in 2009; Mrs. Sakine married Muhsin Bey in 1911 or 1912. He had a son named Lütfü from this marriage in 1913. However, the child’s feet were turned 90 degrees inward. So crippled. Meanwhile, her husband Muhsin Bey was in the military during the Yemen war. Turks in the village where Sakine Hanım lived were massacred by the Armenians. Sakine Hanım took shelter in Samsun, her father, after a journey that lasted 2.5 months in winter with a single disabled child. When he arrived in Samsun, he first hospitalized his son in the state hospital through Ömerzadeler, one of the leading notables of Samsun, so that his son could walk properly. Orthopedic American doctors were working in the hospital. While the doctors were treating her son, Mrs. Sakine also took care of the other patients and was, in a sense, voluntary nursing staff. This situation caught the attention of American doctors. Her son Lütfü was treated surgically. Meanwhile, Ms. Sakine was hired as a nurse to the hospital. He learned English and Latin alphabet from American doctors. His son Orhan explains: “For example, when I was in secondary school, he used to say that the pronunciation of English is not like that. Of course there is no writing.”

Sakine Hanım was a sociable, active and intelligent person. Even though he was a caregiver, he learned what was happening in the city hour by hour. When he found out about Mustafa Kemal’s future to the city; She met Atatürk on the pier as the only woman with the notables. Ms. Sakine has always told her children and those around her the pride of being the only woman who witnessed this moment throughout her life.

“How did he hear about Mustafa Kemal’s future?” His son Orhan answers the question as follows:

“So, in the hospital, he got information from the military staff of the hospital. And he was already a very curious woman. She was a woman who wanted to make a breakthrough. She was a woman who did not fit in her shell. It is such a thing, for example Ömerzades; ‘You are notables. A woman who said, ‘Let’s weave, let’s send it to the army.’ “

Then; On May 19, 1919, the future of Mustafa Kemal Pasha was heard in Samsun. Orhan Bey continues to explain:

“Then Samsun is not a big city. After all, it is the size of a district of five or ten thousand. I guess it does not have a population of twenty thousand. He heard that Mustafa Kemal was coming to Samsun and joined that group as a woman. He would tell this incident with pride; He used to say ‘I went to meet Atatürk on the pier in Samsun on May 19, 1919 as a woman.’

According to what her son Orhan Baturay told in the same interview with the local historian Necat Çetin, Sakine Hanım organized the women of Samsun during the War of Independence. Ömerzadeler also supported himself. Mr. Orhan says, “He collects wool from them. They are spun on the roof tiles by women. They are woven into the front line as underwear to keep them warm, and sent to the front in pairs. She also tells that her mother, Ms. Sakine, spent her life reading books: “When you go to Ankara, she always said, look at me a history book from there.”

Meanwhile, Mrs. Sakine made her second marriage. When her son Orhan met Sakine Hanım Atatürk; He says that his mother is married to his father, Abdullah Bey. According to the narration of Necat Çetin, Abdullah Bey was a tough person, played the piano and was a very good doctor:

“Abdullah Bey, who is from the village of Süller in Denizli’s Çal district, is a graduate of high school (middle school). He is recruited as a medical officer to the military. He has been working on the eastern front for 11 years. He becomes a medical sergeant in a field hospital. He arrives in Samsun to return by ship. When he sees the announcement that a nurse is being sought to the hospital, he is taken to the test and starts to work. After a while, they meet Sakine and get married. However, Samsun’s atmosphere spoils Abdullah’s brain health. Doctors say that he should live in a place where there is no damp air. The Bey returns to his hometown with his family three or four years after his arrival in Samsun. He enters the carpet trade in Çal, but cannot be successful in trade. He goes bankrupt. He asks the state to be appointed as a health officer again. He was appointed to Torbalı as a malaria combat officer in 1929. He had suffered from malaria in Torbalı and Menderes villages for years on horseback. it makes justice. When he leaves the house, he returns home only 20 days later, sends the blood samples he takes to İzmir and conducts the quinine treatment himself. He becomes a malaria doctor in the villages. “

She had 2 children from her marriage with Sakine. Orhan, born in 1930, and Mehmet, born in 1931. Abdullah Bey took his surname as Baturay, the famous submarine of the Atatürk era. Because the names of these submarines (Saldıray, Baturay, Yıldıray) were given by Atatürk himself. Abdullah Bey almost sacrificed his health in the war against malaria. Since he can no longer see his eyes, he retires in 1954. He passed away in 1973. Meanwhile, Mrs. Sakine is the health worker of the neighborhood. Before long, he too passed away in 1974.

His first son, Lütfü Şahiner, attended industrial vocational high school as a boarding student. Then II. It is sent by the state to Switzerland for university education during World War II. Becomes a Mechanical Engineer. Works in Izmit Seka. His other son, Orhan Bey, graduates from the art institute electrical department. It pulls the first street electrical installation of Torbalı. His other son Mehmet retires. Only Orhan Bey lives today.

Mrs. Sakine was very interested in reading, especially history. His son, Orhan Bey, explains: “For example, we would go to İzmir during the holidays, to Kemeraltı. He spends half an hour of his two and a half hours there for us, the other 2 hours is reserved for the Military book. Bakar reads it around. He was very curious about history. I went to the faculty of language, history and geography. It was Saturday. When I was a soldier, there was a battalion commander with the surname Erbil. I said like that, my mother is very interested in history. She said OK. Commander: If you let me, I will buy a book for my mother. Where can I get resources. She wants a history book from this side of the world formation. To provide a great thing … Then there was no cultural accumulation of people. I am pleased. A woman who is so interested in history. I was surprised I said this job. Also a letter came to my brother in 1937, when I was in Seka in Izmit. They said that you have a letter of grace. works. His writing was so beautiful that they didn’t believe it. Of course, there was no literate person at that time. You can’t even show it with a finger. “

News: Hayriye Mengüç


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