Physical and psychological changes experienced during the menstrual period

Physical and psychological changes experienced during the menstrual period

Menstrual cycles have a direct impact on how we feel. The changes that occur in certain phases of the cycle make energy and mood swings more plausible. Everyone who menstruates experiences their cycle in their own unique way. While at some stages we feel really tired and lazy, sometimes we feel as if the world belongs to us and we can do anything.

Understanding how menstrual cycles occur is also important to understanding our own health and feelings. The 4 phases of the menstrual cycle follow each other every month and we are in a different mode in each phase. Understanding these modes allows us to live our lives according to our cyclical nature.

1- Stage: Menstruation (Winter)

The day your bleeding begins is the first day of your menstruation and new cycle. The first phase is defined as the menstruation or menstrual phase. Our energy is usually low during this phase, and we want to rest and mostly be at home. It is just like the winter season, it is a quieter and slower phase compared to other times. The menstrual phase, which lasts about 3-7 days, is ideal for rest, relaxation and making plans. However, if your menstrual period is painful, it’s best to skip planning and focus on rest.

2- Stage: Follicular phase (Spring)

The so-called follicular phase in the cycle refers to the time after the bleeding ends and until ovulation. Rising estrogen levels also begin to increase our energy, ability to focus and self-esteem. Spring fever awakens. We become full of energy, we feel free and comfortable.

The follicular phase, the second phase of the menstrual cycle, is an ideal time to be creative and endure some challenges. The good news is that it can be considered the longest in our cycle, as it begins on the day your bleeding ends.

Stage 3: Ovulation (Summer)

During the ovulation phase, hormone levels continue to increase, which brings us warm and active feelings like a summer season. Ovulation time is a time of power and is ideal for developing our personal relationships and being active. Ovulation usually begins halfway through a regular cycle. Some people feel a slight pain during ovulation, but this pain only lasts for a few hours. This period is also our fertile time and the chances of getting pregnant are high.

4- Stage: Luteal phase (Autumn)

In the last phase of the menstrual cycle, while the estrogen hormone decreases, the progesterone hormone begins to be active. It’s normal for you to start feeling a little more sensitive during this time. We may want to stand back a little and think long and hard. However, we need to be compassionate with ourselves, because this period can also lead us to criticize ourselves. Many people can also associate the luteal phase with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Symptoms of this syndrome can be seen 4-7 days before the start of the next menstruation.


Britta. “How do the phases of the menstrual cycle influence your mood?”. Şuradan alındı: (27.11.2019)

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