Mole pregnancy, also known as grape pregnancy, is a rare complication. Tam mol gebelik and partial mole pregnancy This type of pregnancy, which has two different types, is a complication that does not allow live birth and requires a serious treatment process. There is no mention of the formation of a fetus in full mole pregnancy, but the placental tissue is abnormal-looking, swollen and appears to form fluid-filled cysts. In partial mole pregnancy, there may be normal placental tissue with abnormally formed placental tissue. There may also be a fetus formation, but the fetus cannot survive and often miscarriage occurs early in pregnancy. Moles pregnancy can cause serious complications, including a rare type of cancer, and it is of paramount importance that it is diagnosed as quickly as possible. Although it may seem like a pregnancy at first, mole pregnancy has striking symptoms.
- Dark brown or bright red bleeding in the first trimester
- Severe nausea and vomiting
- Pelvic pressure sensation and pain
- Very rapid growth of the uterus
- Protein in the urine
- Grape-like cystic structures found on ultrasound images
These symptoms may be the harbinger of mole pregnancy. Mole pregnancy is caused by an abnormally fertilized egg. Normally, this cell, which receives 23 chromosomes from the mother and 23 chromosomes from the father, inherits all chromosomes from the father in a full molar pregnancy. Since all genetic material comes from the father, the mother’s chromosomes disappear and the father’s chromosomes reproduce. In partial mole pregnancy, the mother’s chromosomes remain, but two sets of chromosomes come from the father and there are 69 chromosomes in total.
Molar pregnancy seen in one in every thousand pregnancies is more common in women who conceived later than 35 years, women who conceived before the age of 20, and women who have had a previous molar pregnancy. Recurrent mole pregnancy occurs in one out of every hundred women.
After the detection of mole pregnancy, the pregnancy is terminated by abortion, but the mole tissue may remain in the uterus. In this condition, which is seen in five percent of partial mole pregnancies and in 20 percent of full mole pregnancies, the tissue continues to grow. Chemotherapy is applied to completely cleanse these tumorous tissues and success is usually achieved. However, if necessary, it may be decided to remove the uterus completely. Rarely, a form that spreads to cause metastasis is encountered, but it can be successfully treated with complicated drugs.
Retrieved from Molar Pregnancy: https://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-complications/molar-pregnancy/
Hydatidiform mole. Retrieved from: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000909.htm