You can increase their nutritional value by drying fruits and vegetables, which are full of vitamins. Thus, even if it is not in season, you can consume any fruit and vegetable you want whenever you want.
But like any job, drying fruits and vegetables has its subtleties. If you know these delicacies and pay attention to the points listed below, dried fruits and vegetables with high nutritional value as well as delicious will be at your disposal throughout the year.
- In the drying process, the sugar content of vegetables and fruits increases and their durability increases.
- The most suitable fruits for drying are apple, pear, cherry, apricot, grape, mulberry, fig; vegetables are pepper, beans, eggplant, okra. Mint, thyme and rosemary are the most suitable greens to be dried.
- You can dry fruits and vegetables outdoors, in the oven or in drying cabinets. Drying method in the open air is divided into two as sun and shade.
- To dry in the sun, you should use south-facing roofs, balconies or roofs. If you want to dry them in the shade, prepare a place that does not see the sun, has air flow, is away from the kitchen and does not get rain.
- You must first prepare the fruits and vegetables you want to dry for drying. You should be careful that there are no leaves, litter, stems and stones in it.
- You have to dry the vegetables and fruits you are going to dry separately as whole and sliced.
- If you want to dry in the open air, do not contact the ground or soil directly.
- After drying in the open air, also warm the fruits and vegetables in a low-temperature oven. This method makes fruits and vegetables more durable.
- If the climate where you live is humid, you may encounter the problem of mold. In this case, you can perform the drying process in the oven. Approximately 15 minutes will be sufficient for the drying process in the oven. It is enough to set the temperature of the oven to 75 – 100 degrees.
- Since the length of the drying process will cause the nutritional value to decrease, it will be more beneficial to choose the hottest day for the drying process.
- You can store your dried food in glass or tightly closed ziplock bags.