Sudden mood swings during pregnancy can develop due to many factors such as marked increases and decreases in hormones, physical ailments, and concerns about changes in daily life. If you feel very excited and enthusiastic for a moment and then find yourself in tears a little later, you are definitely not alone. The stereotype of a pregnant woman crying and laughing while she wants both pickles and ice cream at the same time is completely real.
The biggest cause of sudden mood swings during pregnancy is the changes in hormones. Estrogen and progesterone hormones, which ensure the continuation of the menstrual cycles and rise and fall regularly during the month, start to rise suddenly with pregnancy. Estrogen hormone attacks during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy and is secreted 100 times more than normal.
Estrogen is directly related to serotonin, also known as the happiness hormone. Fluctuations in serotonin levels are also the main cause of emotional disorders. Although the connection between estrogen and serotonin is not fully understood, it is known that anxiety and discomfort are mainly due to these two hormones.
Progesterone hormone is associated with relaxation and relaxation. When it rises during pregnancy, it causes muscles to relax. This can sometimes cause digestive problems such as constipation. While the relaxation hormone sounds nice, overly relaxed muscles can trigger feelings of fatigue and sadness.
Changes and mood that come with weeks
Physical changes in the first months of pregnancy also directly affect mood. Morning sickness is a serious condition that affects 70% of pregnant women and although it does not cause any harm to the baby, it can significantly affect the daily life of the expectant mother. Situations such as nausea, vomiting, and anorexia may cause the desire not to get out of bed all day.
In the second trimester (second trimester), changes in the body affect the mood. Nausea and similar feelings have decreased, but gaining weight and having to wear one or several sizes of clothing can also affect the mood of the expectant mother.
In the last trimester of pregnancy, causes such as fatigue and reduced movement capacity, and difficulty sleeping can negatively affect mood. At the same time, concerns about childbirth and puerperium may surface as the birth approaches.
So what to do?
1- Be kind to yourself
Accept that it is normal to feel complicated during pregnancy and try to be patient. When your hormones return to normal, these sudden changes will end.
2- share with your family
Sudden outbursts of anger can upset your spouse and other children, if any, and furthermore create regret in you and put the mood in a vicious circle. Talk to your family and try to explain how you feel.
3- Consult the right sources
There are hundreds of resources about pregnancy and motherhood that you can read. Unfortunately, not all of them are written with a positive approach. Look for resources that may be good for you, and ask your doctor, midwife or dog to suggest the right resources for you.
4- Be prepared for morning sickness
You may want to be a little more prepared so that morning sickness in the first months of pregnancy affects your mood less. Do not go hungry, always keep snacks, crackers and nuts with you. If bad odors are triggering your nausea, check out all the cleaning and cosmetic products used in your home.
5- prioritize sleep
Nobody should question a pregnant person’s sleep. Sleep and rest whenever you want. The best way to calm your nervous system and prevent physical symptoms from causing stress is to get plenty of sleep.
6- Get support
Working with a doula during pregnancy or getting support from a positive friend who has gone through similar processes can make your journey a lot easier. Sometimes it is good to know that you are not alone, sometimes you will want to hear that what you are going through is not that strange.
7- Try yoga and meditation
One of the best ways to relax physically and mentally is through yoga and meditation practices. Not only do you relax, you get stronger, and you discover dozens of different ways to bond with your body and baby.
Rachel Gurevich. “Why You Have Mood Swings During Pregnancy and How to Cope”. Şuradan alındı: https://www.verywellfamily.com/mood-swings-during-pregnancy-4159590 (22.02.2021)