Loneliness has become a new research topic in the field of child psychology during the corona period. According to a study published in early June last June on the first months of the pandemic, the symptoms of the likelihood of future depression in children and adolescents who spent isolation alone tripled. The effects of loneliness on mental health can extend up to 9 years.
Of children Covid-19 pandemisi Emotional health in the period of both public health, economy and school success its negative effects on it began to be discussed. In a study published in the American Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, it was aimed to understand how loneliness experienced during the quarantine period affects children and young people. According to the findings, the duration of loneliness rather than the intensity of the experienced depression found to be more effective on probability. This situation is accepted as an indicator that the demand of young and young adults for mental health services will increase in the coming years.
During the process called isolation and quarantine, some children and young people It was observed that some of them continued their lives seemingly unaffected while withdrawn. However, as many people know, the effects of the processes on the psychological state emerge over time or may not give direct symptoms. During the process, it is recommended that young people who stay between four walls and their families should be encouraged to establish social connections in a controlled manner, even though their needs for individuality increase. The healing power of social ties continues to apply to all age groups.
Clinical psychologist Dr. According to Maria Loades loneliness and depression There is a strong relationship between both in the short and long term. However, the effects of loneliness on mood can sometimes be delayed and only emerge years later. In this respect, it is said that it may take up to 10 years for the effect of Covid-19 on mental health to be truly understood.
Showing no signs of depression in children and young people bile, Psychological effects of the Covid-19 pandemic It is recommended that families be vigilant about. Because it is said that it is too early to measure the effects of quarantine, isolation and fear of disease. Current research has only provided some clues.
From the perspective of children and young people, in many countries, in late spring and early summer schools Although it opens gradually, it is too early to say that everything is back to normal. Although countries such as New Zealand are successful in combating the epidemic, poor countries are still trying to cope with the epidemic in terms of health system and economy. In this respect, uncertainties about the future continue.
How the epidemic is managed in terms of child and adolescent psychology is important
Experts recommend the following to families who want to keep track of how children and young people are psychologically affected by the corona pandemic;
• Get them to connect with their schoolmates and especially those with whom they play often. Encourage children who cannot return to school to stay connected by having video conversations with friends, even if they seem reluctant.
• Ease academic priorities for a while. It is especially important for your adolescent child not to feel pressure. If you have a child who has experienced exam stress, it is important that the family does not burden the child with two stress issues, as virus transmission anxiety and exam anxiety are experienced together. Put emphasis on physical mobility, artistic and free work in which hands are used, especially with young children.
• It is important to know that your child will have an idea about the epidemic even if you don’t watch the news next to him. Even if the family takes the necessary precautions, it is inevitable that the children will be affected by the air that spreads throughout the society. “How much was my child affected?” Asking your child about his thoughts about the epidemic and trying to understand his psychological state can sometimes backfire. Instead, provide comforting and relaxing options, and give your child the opportunity to try out the ones that are good for them. It is likely to initiate communication spontaneously.
• If you can, consider how the school supports your child with emotional needs as well as academic progress. School has a great role in providing emotional support in children’s lives. Try to stay in touch with the school’s guidance service.
• As schools are suddenly closed due to the pandemic, it is possible for children with high levels of anxiety and who are not informed properly to perceive the school as a place associated with the virus. If you find that your child is feeling nervous about returning to school, you can remind yourself that school is a socializing space. The knowledge that the school is a place where they see their peers should be stimulated from time to time. Although the uncertainty continues, it should be reminded that the school is an environment for us that we are there, missed, and returned to at the end of the term we were away from. When it comes time to go back to school, specialist support should be sought for children with high anxiety.
Compiled and translated by: Senem Tahmaz
Referanslar: M. Loades “Rapid Systematic Review: The impact of social isolation and loneliness on the mental health of children and adolescents in the context of COVID-19.” Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2020 Şuradan alındı: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/05/200531200333.htm