Almost all of us want a simple one upper respiratory infection we see as. Because of our “wrong” information about the flu, which we think is “correct”, to cause serious pictures in the respiratory tract we can lead. What we need to do to get over the flu in a short time is to consult a doctor without wasting time and rest a lot!
Influenza caused by influenza viruses and infectious a disease characteristic. Influenza, which affects 15 percent of the population every year, symptoms It is considered a simple respiratory infection because it is confused with the common cold. However, contrary to popular belief, this disease spreads to various organisms, especially in risky groups. serious respiratory complications it can move towards and be deadly. That is why it is very important to prevent the disease from spreading to the organism or to permanently settle in an area in the upper respiratory tract and become chronic. However, false beliefs about the flu can disrupt the treatment process and lead to the progression of the disease. Acıbadem Bodrum Hospital Otorhinolaryngology Specialist Dr. Alp Korkut Perçin told 8 “mistakes” that we thought were “right” about flu.
False: Flu shot makes flu
Actually: This misconception is in some sensitive people Vaccine It is caused by the body’s defense response to the virus protein given as a result of raising fever. The flu vaccine consists of antigens or inactivated versions of viruses that were predicted by the World Health Organization to infect that year. In summary, the flu vaccine does not have an infectious feature. Vaccine it only serves to pre-introduce some of its features to the body defense so that it can defeat the virus in no time. Thanks to the vaccine epidemic Our defense system, which has previously recognized the virus that can make it, can overcome the disease without spreading by giving a faster defense response than people who do not vaccinate.
Wrong: Wearing a mask completely protects against flu
Actually: Droplet infections that can hang in the air cause infections in susceptible people. That covers the mouth and nose with masks It is possible to protect 95 percent. However, skin contact, kissing and contact with the materials used by the patient are also other forms of spread that cause the flu by wearing a mask cannot be prevented.
False: Antibiotics should be used in treatment.
Truth: The source of this misconception may be that in mixed infections involving both bacteria and viruses, the clinical picture does not improve without antibiotics. Antibiotic is a powerful weapon against bacteria that are extracellular infectious agents. However, it is ineffective against viruses that reproduce using intracellular mechanisms. The general clinical condition of the patient during the examination, laboratory values and the culture results obtained from the area where the infection is suspected, take the doctor to a conclusion about the infection agent and it is clear whether antibiotics will be started.
Wrong: Vaccination does not cause flu
Truth: The flu vaccine provides immunity against viruses that the World Health Organization predicts to cause an epidemic. Therefore, it is not effective against viruses that cause epidemics outside of this prediction. At the same time, after vaccination, it takes 2 to 3 weeks for the flu vaccine to take effect. For this reason, the vaccine should be administered before epidemics in early autumn. Otherwise, those infected cannot be protected from the disease in the 2-3 weeks for the response to occur.
Wrong: Applying cream to the chest relieves cough
Actually: Cough It is one of the symptoms of the flu. But the cause of cough Cough treatment, including medications, does not help. Cough does not stop unless the reason is eliminated, and treatment is delayed as time is lost during the diagnosis. For example, cough due to nasal discharge caused by a simple upper respiratory tract infection is actually beneficial because it prevents this discharge from infecting the lungs. At this stage, anti-cough treatments stop this natural reflex and cause the infection to become more serious by allowing the lung to spread.
False: Vinegar water lowers fire
Truth: The use of vinegar water and similar methods has been such a misconception that the patients relax and temporarily reduce the fever. Throw a fever The disadvantage of using these methods is that although the fire seems to be falling because the substances constrict the blood vessels, unlike water, it increases even more after this effect is over. Fever cannot be reduced permanently unless the foreign factor causing fever is identified. However, high fever can damage the sensitive tissues of the body. For this reason, the patient should be given plenty of water and bed rest should be provided to compensate for the loss of water due to fever until the diagnosis is made. In addition, it should be kept under control for a limited time by reducing the fever by applying water or taking a shower.
False: Those taking flu medication can get the disease on an outpatient basis
Truth: Flu the common cold with not to be confused. Flu is the common cold that has spread to the body and now put the patient in bed. Maybe not only for the treatment of flu infection, but also for the common cold not to turn into flu and the infectious agent not to spread to the community. from drugs more importantly, rest and isolation. In this way, additional infectious agents and fatigue and low resistance that can turn the common cold into flu are protected. In addition, the recovery time can be shortened.
False: Flu medications trigger a heart attack in all patients
Truth: The combination of ingredients contained in medicines used in colds and flu often contain substances with astringent, antitussive and secretion drying properties to reduce the nasal meats. All substances of this nature also have some side effects, and these in sensitive people causes unwanted symptoms. For example, antiallergic drugs given to dry secretions can cause carelessness and tendency to sleep. Likewise, vasoconstrictors can trigger the symptoms of coronary disease in sensitive and elderly patients. Since this situation can only occur in elderly people and people with coronary disease, physicians take this into consideration and use drugs with less or no vasoconstrictor properties.