Record numbers of COVID-19 cases are reached in many parts of the world. The effects of the third wave, which comes with the mutation of the virus, continue to be seen in many countries. On the other hand, there are countries that have not even brought COVID-19 into its borders since the first months of 2020 and have survived this period with zero cases, according to World Health Organization data.
While the vast majority of these 14 countries consist of islands, two names among them are controversial with their high population and their success in this field. Travel restrictions and mandatory quarantine are thought to be the biggest measures to avoid COVID-19 cases in these countries.
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American Samosa, an independent region within the USA, is located in the Pacific Ocean and consists of five islets and two atolls. The population of the island is approximately 55 thousand people and can be reached by air.
Consisting of 15 small devotees, Cook Islands are located in the North Pacific. It is politically tied to New Zealand and has managed to remain virus-free by applying mandatory quarantine at the entrance to its borders. It also temporarily prohibited the entry of recreational boats and cruise ships into its ports.
Composed of more than 600 islands, Micronesia is located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean. It is known that Micronesia, which has not reported any COVID-19 cases so far, still receives support from the USA, China and Japan during the pandemic period.
Kiribati, located southwest of Hawaii, is an island nation made up of archipelagoes. It is one of the rare countries with landmass in all four hemispheres. Kiribati, which started to impose restrictions on the fight against COVID-19 at an early stage, only allows a very few airlines to fly internationally.
Kiribati’s neighbor, Nauru, is the third smallest country in the world. With a population of 10 thousand people, it is the second least populated community in the world. It has managed to keep the coronavirus away from its borders with the travel restrictions it has placed on its neighboring islands.
Located in the north of New Zealand, Niue is one of the largest coral islands in the world. It has received support from New Zealand in combating COVID-19.
The fact that North Korea, one of the two names on the list that is not an island country, has not reported any COVID-19 cases is a big controversy. North Korea, which borders China and South Korea, is considered almost impossible to have no cases. North Korea, the most populous country reporting zero cases, has a very strict quarantine and travel restrictions. At the same time, its borders are still closed.
Palau, an archipelago with more than 300 islands, is located in the east of the Philippines. The country primarily suspended commercial flights, and later managed to keep COVID-19 away from its borders with mandatory quarantine.
Composed of four volcanic islands, Pitcairn is the only land part of the UK outside the country in the Pacific Ocean. There have been no cases of COVID-19 on the island, which is known to have fewer than 50 residents, but warnings have been made that the risk of infectious diseases on the island is high.
Located in the North Atlantic Ocean, Saint Helena is described as one of the furthest regions in the world. Before the island was discovered by Portugal in 1502, with an average of 4,500 people, no one lived on the island.
Located in the North Pacific Ocean, Tokelau consists of three tropical coral islands and is connected to New Zealand. The island, which is not accessible by air, can only be reached by boat. With about 1500 people, Tokelau is known as the first community to use only renewable energy.
Only 36 of the Tonga archipelago, which consists of 170 islands, are inhabited. Tonga, which closed airports and implemented national quarantine at the beginning of the epidemic as part of COVID-19 measures, has so far not reported any COVID-19 cases.
Turkmenistan, not far from us, still has not reported COVID-19 cases. This success is thought to be due to the ban on commercial flights and mass religious events. Although there are no cases, care is taken to wear masks and social distance in the country.
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Located between Hawaii and Australia, Tuvalu consists of three reef islands and six coral islands. Tuvalu, with a population of more than 10 thousand, keeps its borders closed by applying travel restrictions and imposes mandatory quarantine when necessary.
Translated by: Dilara Preserve
Reference: US News. Places Without Reported COVID-19 Cases. Retrieved from: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/slideshows/countries-without-reported-covid-19-cases (Source article last updated February 22, 2021)